Ulcers are holes in the digestive tract caused by stomach acid and enzymes. The esophagus, stomach, and upper small intestines can be affected. Causes can be due to bacterial infections, medications, alcohol abuse, smoking, poor diet, and stress. Treatment can include antibiotics, antacids, and more. There are different types of ulcers and symptoms can be very similar to other digestive tract disorders, such as heartburn, stomach pain, bad breath, constipation, diarrhea, and nausea. For acute or chronic symptoms, seek medical attention. Untreated ulcers can cause more serious medical concerns like bleeding, cancer, and anemia.
Compiled by: Kathy Sadowski