Pictured: Calendula Infusion
By: Kathy Sadowski, Master of Science Degree in Aromatherapy, Registered Aromatherapist, LMT, RYT
Studies have shown calendula to be useful in treating wounds. The following is a calendula wound serum recipe. Research is listed below.
Calendula Wound Serum Ingredients:
- 30 fresh organically grown calendula blossoms (Calendula officinalis)
- 1 ounce of Vitamin E oil
- 5 ounce of sweet almond oil
- 10 drops of lavender essential oil
Instructions: Gently rinse blossoms and air dry for a day. Place in a glass jar and pour sweet almond oil on top. Seal with a lid. Shake once a day for four weeks. After four weeks, strain out blossoms using cheesecloth or a coffee filter. Add Vitamin E oil and lavender to the strained oil. Store in a sealed amber glass container for up to one year. Apply the calendula wound serum to wounds, dry skin, and to prevent scaring.
- Calendula improved skin elasticity, tightness, and hydration. From: Akhtar, N., Zaman, S. U., Khan, B. A., Amir, M. N., & Ebrahimzadeh, M. A. (2011). Calendula extract: effects on mechanical parameters of human skin. Acta Pol. Pharm, 68(5), 693-701.
- Phenolic acids, flavonoids, sterols, terpenoids, and triterpenes are all compounds contained in C. officianalis with antioxidant and free radical reducing capabilities. From: Alnuqaydan, A. M., Lenehan, C. E., Hughes, R. R., & Sanderson, B. J. (2015). Extracts from Calendula officinalis offer in vitro protection against H2O2 induced oxidative stress cell killing of human skin cells. Phytotherapy Research, 29(1), 120-124.
- In folk medicine, calendula has been used for topical wound healing and inflammation. From: Arora, D., Rani, A., & Sharma, A. (2013). A review on phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological aspects of genus Calendula. Pharmacognosy reviews, 7(14), 179.
- Topical application of C. officinalis can provide protection from oxidative stress and photo damage, healing damaged skin, and improved anti-aging. From: Bernatoniene, J., Masteikova, R., Davalgiene, J., Peciura, R., Gauryliene, R., Bernatoniene, R., … & Muselik, J. (2011). Topical application of Calendula officinalis (L.): Formulation and evaluation of hydrophilic cream with antioxidant activity. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(6), 868-877.
- Flavonoids are antimicrobial and antioxidant, to help the skin fight infection. From: Butnariu, M., & Coradini, C. Z. (2012). Evaluation of biologically active compounds from Calendula officinalis flowers using spectrophotometry. Chemistry Central Journal, 6(1), 1.
- The author indicated the constituents acting as antioxidants in marigold are its carotenoids and flavonoids. From: Ćetković, G. S., Djilas, S. M., Čanadanović-Brunet, J. M., & Tumbas, V. T. (2004). Antioxidant properties of marigold extracts. Food Research International, 37(7), 643-650. Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2004.01.010
- Wound healing was accelerated among patients with venous leg ulcers who used an ointment with C. officinalis. From: Duran, V., Matic, M., Jovanovć, M., Mimica, N., Gajinov, Z., Poljacki, M., & Boza, P. (2004). Results of the clinical examination of an ointment with marigold (Calendula officinalis) extract in the treatment of venous leg ulcers. International journal of tissue reactions, 27(3), 101-106.
- The author(s) conducted a study demonstrating the potential for C. officinalis against skin UV irradiation induced oxidative stress. From: Fonseca, Y. M., Catini, C. D., Vicentini, F. T., Nomizo, A., Gerlach, R. F., & Fonseca, M. J. V. (2010). Protective effect of Calendula officinalis extract against UVB-induced oxidative stress in skin: Evaluation of reduced glutathione levels and matrix metalloproteinase secretion. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 127(3), 596-601. Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.12.019
- The study demonstrated improved wound healing in rats with a blend of Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s Wart) and Calendula arvensis. From: Lavagna, S. M., Secci, D., Chimenti, P., Bonsignore, L., Ottaviani, A., & Bizzarri, B. (2001). Efficacy of Hypericum and Calendula oils in the epithelial reconstruction of surgical wounds in childbirth with caesarean section. Il Farmaco, 56(5), 451-453. Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-827X(01)01060-6
- Women receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer showed improved healing of acute dermatitis with the use of 20% fresh marigold in petroleum jelly compared to trolamine. From: Pommier, P., Gomez, F., Sunyach, M. P., D’hombres, A., Carrie, C., & Montbarbon, X. (2004). Phase III randomized trial of Calendula officinalis compared with trolamine for the prevention of acute dermatitis during irradiation for breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 22(8), 1447-1453.
- The plant demonstrated anti-inflammatory and wound healing activity. From: Preethi, K. C., & Kuttan, R. (2009). Wound healing activity of flower extract of Calendula offlcinalis. Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology, 20(1), 73-80.
- A combination of Cassia tora, Calendula officinalis, and Momordica charantia was antibacterial in treating psoriasis. From: Roopashree, T. S., Dang, R., Rani, R. S., & Narendra, C. (2008). Antibacterial activity of antipsoriatic herbs: Cassia tora, Momordica charantia and Calendula officinalis. International Journal of Applied research in Natural products, 1(3), 20-28.
- Creams with rosemary and marigold reduced irritation contact dermatitis. From: Fuchs, S. M., Schliemann-Willers, S., Fischer, T. W., & Elsner, P. (2005). Protective effects of different marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and rosemary cream preparations against sodium-lauryl-sulfate-induced irritant contact dermatitis. Skin pharmacology and physiology, 18(4), 195-200.
- Calendula and its faradiol constituent demonstrated topical anti-inflammatory activity. From: Della Loggia, R., Tubaro, A., Sosa, S., Becker, H., & Isaac, O. (1994). The role of triterpenoids in the topical anti-inflammatory activity of Calendula officinalis flowers. Planta medica, 60(06), 516-520.
- A supplement of beta carotene was protective against UV skin damage in humans. From: Heinrich, U., Gärtner, C., Wiebusch, M., Eichler, O., Sies, H., Tronnier, H., & Stahl, W. (2003). Supplementation with β-carotene or a similar amount of mixed carotenoids protects humans from UV-induced erythema. The Journal of nutrition, 133(1), 98-101.
- A randomized comparative trial of 60 infants showed that a treatment with aloe vera and calendula was safe and effective in treating diaper rash. From: Panahi Y, Sharif MR, Sharif A, et al. A randomized comparative trial on the therapeutic efficacy of topical aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on diaper dermatitis in children. ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:810234.
- Patients had reduced inflammation level, ulcer size, healing time, and pain from recurrent aphthous ulcerations. From: Altaei, D. T. (2012). Topical lavender oil for the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulceration. American journal of dentistry, 25(1), 39-43.
- This study suggested using lavender essential oil instead of Povidone-iodine topically for episiotomy wound care. From: Vakilian, K., Atarha, M., Bekhradi, R., & Chaman, R. (2011). Healing advantages of lavender essential oil during episiotomy recovery: a clinical trial. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 17(1), 50-53. Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.05.006