A Cons

April 19, 2018

Camphene

Camphene is a monoterpene as found in spruce, fir, pine, cypress, camphor, citronella, neroli, ginger, sage, cistus, rosemary, and valerian. Monoterpenes are odorless, highly volatile, prone to oxidation, and insoluble in water. Links to Plants Containing Camphene   RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles […]
April 19, 2018

Camphor

Camphor is a ketone found in ho leaf, lavindin, camphor, rosemary, sage, spike lavender, mint, laural, thyme, oregano, pennyroyal, basil, and yarrow. Many ketones can be toxic internally and topically.  Some can be convulsent, toxic to the liver, or neurotoxic in high doses.  Do not overuse or use for prolonged periods […]
April 19, 2018

Carvacrol

Carvacrol is a phenol, as in oregano, sage, cumin, savory, marjoram, and thyme. Phenols are potent chemicals with strong therapeutic actions, but safety concerns: overuse can be toxic to the liver or genotoxic.  Phenols can also be a skin and mucous membrane irritant. Links to Plants Containing Carvacrol RESEARCH The listings […]
April 19, 2018

Caryophyllene / Carlophyllene / Beta Carlophyllene

Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in basil, black pepper, clove, geranium, hops, lavender, star anise, sweet thyme, tobacco, cannabis, coriander, litsea, ginger, camphor, spearmint, pine, orange, sage, ginseng, catnip, and ylang ylang.  Alpha-Caryophyllene is found in hops, hemp, geranium, and rosemary.  Beta-Caryophyllene is found in black pepper, catnip, ylang-ylang, hemp, […]
April 19, 2018

Cedrol

Cedrol is a sesquiterpene alcohol found in cypress, cedar, juniper, and oregano.  It’s aroma may have a relaxing effect in humans. Links to Plants Containing Cedrol   RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles found on the topic, with a very brief overview description of […]
April 19, 2018

Chamazulene / Azulene

Chamazulene is a sesquiterpene, derived from azulene, and found in German chamomile, giving it a blue color.  It is also found in wormwood, yarrow, tansy, cypress, and blue violet. Sesquiterpenes are less volatile than monoterpenes, but still prone to oxidation.  They have a strong odor.  If oxidized (exposed to air) they […]
April 19, 2018

1,8-cineole / Cineole / Eucalyptol / Cajeputol

1,8-cineole, also called eucalyptol, is an oxide found in basil, bay, cajeput, cardamom, eucalyptus, niaouli, rosemary, sage, camphor, laurel, mugwort, and spike lavender.  It smells fresh and minty. Oxides contribute to an oil’s aroma, and have strong therapeutic actions, but can be neurotoxic, liver toxic, and a respiratory irritant in […]
April 19, 2018

Cinnamaldehyde

Cinnamaldehyde is an aldehyde found in cassia, and cinnamon.  Excessive amounts can cause liver toxicity. Aldehydes have a powerful aroma used in perfumery.  Oxidation (exposure to oxygen) causes potential skin irritation and loss of aroma. Links to Plants Containing Cinnamaldehyde RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of […]
April 19, 2018

Cinnamic Acid

Cinnamic acid is an acid, as found in benzoin, Peru balsam, and cinnamon. Links to Plants Containing Cinnamic Acid RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles found on the topic, with a very brief overview description of each article/study.  This compilation of research articles does […]
April 19, 2018

Citral / Lemonal / Geranial / Neral

Citral is an aldehyde mixture of geranial and neral. With a lemony aroma, it can be found in lemongrass, lemon scented tea tree, lemon, myrtle, verbena, Melissa, lemon basil, and lemon thyme. Geranial is the E isomer of citral, and also called citral a. Neral is the Z isomer of citral and […]
April 19, 2018

Citronellal / Rhodinal

Citronellal is an aldehyde found in citronella, lemongrass, eucalyptus, kaffir lime, and Melissa. Aldehydes have a powerful aroma used in perfumery.  Oxidation (exposure to oxygen) causes potential skin irritation and loss of aroma. Links to Plants Containing Citronellal   RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of scientific articles […]