anti-fungal

April 19, 2018

Camphor

Camphor is a ketone found in ho leaf, lavindin, camphor, rosemary, sage, spike lavender, mint, laural, thyme, oregano, pennyroyal, basil, and yarrow. Many ketones can be toxic internally and topically.  Some can be convulsent, toxic to the liver, or neurotoxic in high doses.  Do not overuse or use for prolonged periods […]
April 19, 2018

Carvacrol

Carvacrol is a phenol, as in oregano, sage, cumin, savory, marjoram, and thyme. Phenols are potent chemicals with strong therapeutic actions, but safety concerns: overuse can be toxic to the liver or genotoxic.  Phenols can also be a skin and mucous membrane irritant. Links to Plants Containing Carvacrol RESEARCH The listings […]
April 19, 2018

Caryophyllene / Carlophyllene / Beta Carlophyllene

Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in basil, black pepper, clove, geranium, hops, lavender, star anise, sweet thyme, tobacco, cannabis, coriander, litsea, ginger, camphor, spearmint, pine, orange, sage, ginseng, catnip, and ylang ylang.  Alpha-Caryophyllene is found in hops, hemp, geranium, and rosemary.  Beta-Caryophyllene is found in black pepper, catnip, ylang-ylang, hemp, […]
April 19, 2018

1,8-cineole / Cineole / Eucalyptol / Cajeputol

1,8-cineole, also called eucalyptol, is an oxide found in basil, bay, cajeput, cardamom, eucalyptus, niaouli, rosemary, sage, camphor, laurel, mugwort, and spike lavender.  It smells fresh and minty. Oxides contribute to an oil’s aroma, and have strong therapeutic actions, but can be neurotoxic, liver toxic, and a respiratory irritant in […]
April 19, 2018

Cinnamaldehyde

Cinnamaldehyde is an aldehyde found in cassia, and cinnamon.  Excessive amounts can cause liver toxicity. Aldehydes have a powerful aroma used in perfumery.  Oxidation (exposure to oxygen) causes potential skin irritation and loss of aroma. Links to Plants Containing Cinnamaldehyde RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of […]
April 19, 2018

Citral / Lemonal / Geranial / Neral

Citral is an aldehyde mixture of geranial and neral. With a lemony aroma, it can be found in lemongrass, lemon scented tea tree, lemon, myrtle, verbena, Melissa, lemon basil, and lemon thyme. Geranial is the E isomer of citral, and also called citral a. Neral is the Z isomer of citral and […]
April 19, 2018

Citronellal / Rhodinal

Citronellal is an aldehyde found in citronella, lemongrass, eucalyptus, kaffir lime, and Melissa. Aldehydes have a powerful aroma used in perfumery.  Oxidation (exposure to oxygen) causes potential skin irritation and loss of aroma. Links to Plants Containing Citronellal   RESEARCH The listings of research below represent a compilation of scientific articles […]
April 19, 2018

Citronellol

Citronellol is an alcohol found in citronella, eucalyptus, geranium, lemon, and rose. Alcohols are the most therapeutically beneficial type of component in an essential oil, and have a low toxicity for safer use with fragile populations (like the elderly).  Alcohols can be sensitizing when oxidized, so proper storage is important. Links to […]
April 19, 2018

Diallyl Disulfide

Diallyl disulfide is a sulfur found in garlic produced during the decomposition of allicin. Links to Plants Containing Diallyl disulfide   RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles found on the topic, with a very brief overview description of each article/study.  This compilation of research […]
April 20, 2018

Allicin / Diallyl Thiosulfinate

Allicin is a sulfur compound found in garlic. Links to Plants Containing Allicin   RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles found on the topic, with a very brief overview description of each article/study.  This compilation of research articles does not necessarily imply that there […]
April 20, 2018

Linalool / Beta Linalool / Linalyl Alcohol / Linalyl Oxide

Linalool is an alcohol found in bay, bergamot, coriander, ho wood, basil*, thyme*, lavender, clary sage, sage, cinnamon, petitgrain, rose, niaouli*, sage, neroli, geranium, marjoram, palmarosa, jasmine, ylang, ylang, and rosewood.  Ho wood (Cinnamomun camphora) can be over 98% linalool and the sweet type of basil (Ocimum basilicum) can have […]