April 9, 2018

Insomnia / Sleep

Insomnia is the inability to sleep, often due to stress, caffeine, and alcohol.  Relaxation techniques can help and lavender, valerian, and hops have shown promise in human studies. Anxiety can be caused by many things. Herbs and essential oils have demonstrated sedative and anxiolytic activities in many human studies.  A […]
April 9, 2018

Stimulant / Improved Energy

Stimulant herbs raise levels of mental and physical activity.  Examples include coffee, green tea, rosemary, and ginseng.  Stimulant herbs may interfere with some medications for mood and sleep. Fatigue Fatigue is excessive exhaustion and weakness.  It can be caused by illness, allergies, anemia, poor diet, lack of activity, insomnia, and […]
April 11, 2018

Flatulence Tea Recipe

Ginger, peppermint, dill, and fennel have been used for centuries to help with digestive upset such as flatulence, bloating, and cramps; scientific studies help to back up this herbal remedy.  Drink some flatulence tea to help reduce embarrassing gas made with herbs that can calm digestion. Flatulence Tea Ingredients 1 […]
April 17, 2018

Anethole / Anise Camphor / Trans-Anethole

Anethole is a phenol methyl ether as found in anise, fennel, and camphor.  Anise is over 90% anethole.  Trans-anethole is the more abundant and safer anethole isomer, while cis-anethole is more toxic. The cis-anethole isomer is found in very small amounts in fennel and anise. Phenol methyl ethers are similar […]
April 20, 2018

Methyl chavicol / Estragole / p-allyanisole / Isoanethole

Methyl chavicol, also called estragole or isoanethole, is a phenol methyl ether found in basil, fennel, ravensera, star anise, anise, and tarragon. Methyl chavicol may be carcinogenic in high doses, and the IFRA has a limit on amounts permitted in products sold.  Certain chemotypes of basil, ravensara, and tarragon can […]
April 20, 2018


Fenchone is a ketone found in fennel, thuja, cedarwood, and Spanish lavender.  Many ketones can be toxic internally and topically.  Some can be convulsant, toxic to the liver, or neurotoxic in high doses.  Do not overuse or use for prolonged periods of time. Toxic induced seizures from the following plants was […]
April 20, 2018


Methyeugenol is a phenol as found in estragole type basil, black tea tree, fennel, laurel, nutmeg, snakeroot, and tarragon.  Excessive use may be carcinogenic. Phenols are potent chemicals with strong therapeutic actions, but safety concerns: overuse can be toxic to the liver or genotoxic.  Phenols can also be a skin and […]
April 25, 2018


Quercetin is a flavonal found in dill, cilantro, fennel, and many other plants. Links to Plants Containing Quercetin   RESEARCH The listings of research below represents a compilation of scientific articles found on the topic, with a very brief overview description of each article/study.  This compilation of research articles does […]
May 13, 2018

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Research

Latin Name: Foeniculum vulgare Family: Apiaceae Fennel seeds can be made into a tea to reduce digestive upset and coughing.  The herb also has an estrogenic effect that may help with painful menstruation and menopausal symptoms.  Further, fennel has shown insecticidal, anti-parasite, and repelling potential.  In vitro research has found the […]