All About Catnip
Most cats respond with ridiculous behavior to catnip because of its nepetalactone constituent. Humans have smoked and inhaled catnip for a relaxing and euphoric affect. The plant also has an insect repelling benefit.
Catnip Herb and Essential Oil
Latin Name: Nepeta cataria
Other Common Names
- Catswort, catmint, field balm
- Not to be confused with schizonepeta
This mint like plant has a square stem, brownish leaves, and small pale pink flowers.
The leaves are used both dried and fresh, or made into an essential oil.
Essential Oil Description
Oil is steam distilled from the leaves, flowers, and buds. It is yellow or orange with an herbal and minty odor.
- Nepetalactone / Epinepetalactone
- Nepetalic acid
- Caryophyllene / Beta-Caryophyllene / Alpha-Caryophyllene / Humulene / Alpha-Humulene
- Caryophyllene oxide