The leaves and seeds of C. sativum are both used frequently in cooking. The leaves are commonly called cilantro, and the seeds are commonly called coriander. Both have been used as a remedy for a variety of digestive complaints. Studies have shown coriander seeds may also help with headaches, skin conditions, sleep, anxiety, mood, inflammation, and cognition; more research is needed.
Evidence of coriander date back to the times of Ancient Egyptians where seeds were found in Tutankhamun's tomb!
Coriander has shown to have an antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effect. Further, in vitro and in vivo studies have shown insecticidal, repelling, anti-parasitic, anxiolytic, hepatoprotective, anticonvulsive, and neuroprotective activities. In a few human studies, it has shown to help with skin inflammation, foot fungus, topical infections, headaches, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and gastric complaints. More research is needed.
Latin Name: Coriandrum sativum
Coriander are the seeds from a cilantro plant: an annual herb with aromatic edible green leaves and small white flowers.
Dried seeds are used. To make a tea, pour about 8 ounces of boiling water over about one tsp of crushed seeds and steep for 10-15 minutes. Strain and drink.
Oil is steam distilled from the dried ripe fruit, and feels light and oily with a colorless to slight yellow hue and an aroma that is sweet, woody, and fresh. Oil distilled from the cilantro leaf has a very different chemical profile.