Latin Name: Viburnum opulus
Cramp Bark is an herb that has been used to help reduce menstrual cramping.
The listings of research below represent a compilation of scientific articles found on the species, with a very brief overview description of each article/study. Research found is catalogued by therapeutic action. This categorized compilation of research articles does not necessarily imply that there are adequate results to demonstrate safe and/or effective human use.
- V. opulus showed in vitro antibacterial activity. From: Sagdic, O., Aksoy, A., & Ozkan, G. (2006). Evaluation of the antibacterial and antioxidant potentials of cranberry (gilaburu, Viburnum opulus L.) fruit extract. Acta Alimentaria, 35(4), 487-492.
- V. opulus showed in vitro antioxidant activity. From: Rop, O., Reznicek, V., Valsikova, M., Jurikova, T., Mlcek, J., & Kramarova, D. (2010). Antioxidant properties of European cranberrybush fruit (Viburnum opulus var. edule). Molecules, 15(6), 4467-4477.
- V. opulus showed gastroprotective activity in rats. From: Zayachkivska, O. S., Gzhegotsky, M. R., Terletska, O. I., Lutsyk, D. A., Yaschenko, A. M., & Dzhura, O. R. (2006). Influence of Viburnum opulus proanthocyanidins on stress-induced gastrointestinal mucosal damage. Journal of physiology and pharmacology, 57, 155.
- Based on a review of research, the author concluded that ginger was the most effective herb for treating menstrual conditions. Cramp bark and black haw were the most effective herbs for pain associated with menstruation. From: Rajabzadeh, F., Fazljou, S. M., Khodaie, L., Abbasalizadeh, S., & Sahebi, L. (2018). Effects of hot temperament herbs on primary Dysmenorrhea: a systematic review. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 7(10), 257.
- This articles reviews research on herbs for treating menstrual pain. Herbs included: ginger, German chamomile, mint, valerian, cramp bark, black haw, fennel, lemon balm, cumin, and cinnamon. From: Rajabzadeh, F., Fazljou, S. M., Khodaie, L., Abbasalizadeh, S., & Sahebi, L. (2018). Effects of hot temperament herbs on primary Dysmenorrhea: a systematic review. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 7(10), 257.
By: Kathy Sadowski