Cannabinoids are the key active components of Cannabis sativa, and there are over 100 different types, including CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). In addition to cannabinoids, other significant chemical constituents include myrcene, limonene, pinene, and β-caryophyllene. From: ElSohly, M. A., & Slade, D. (2005). Chemical constituents of marijuana: the complex mixture of natural cannabinoids. Life sciences, 78(5), 539-548.
This in vitro study demonstrated a dose of 0.6–6.2 mg/day of a CBD gel significantly reduced arthritic joint pain and swelling. From: Hammell, D. C., Zhang, L. P., Ma, F., Abshire, S. M., McIlwrath, S. L., Stinchcomb, A. L., & Westlund, K. N. (2016). Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain‐related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis. European Journal of Pain, 20(6), 936-948.
Compiled by: Kathy Sadowski