Pine extracts have been used for centuries to treat a wide variety of respiratory complaints including viral infections, cough, congestion, hoarseness, and fever. It has also been used topically to reduce inflammation, wounds, and pain.
ANTIMICROBIAL / ANTIBACTERIAL / ANTIFUNGAL
ANXIETY / STRESS
Alpha pinene, a major constituent of pine, improved non-REM sleep in vivo. From: Yang, H., Woo, J., Pae, A. N., Um, M. Y., Cho, N. C., Park, K. D., … & Cho, S. (2016). α-Pinene, a major constituent of pine tree oils, enhances non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice through GABAA-benzodiazepine receptors. Molecular pharmacology, mol-116.
By: Kathy Sadowski