There are many species of pine and its essential oil is a favorite, especially used to help with respiratory complaints. It is also sued to help treat cuts, sores, and skin conditions, along with muscle aches, joint pain, and to improve poor circulation.
Pinus sylvestris, also called Scots Pine, is the national tree of Scotland.
A few dozen research articles have been catalogued on pine. There are multiple similar species that have also been researched. Studies have demonstrated antimicrobial and especially antifungal activities in vitro. It has also shown in vitro antioxidant activity. In folkloric medicine, it has primarily been used as a respiratory aid, anti-inflammatory, insect repellent, and for treating wounds. A few modern research studies have been found on these traditional uses. Click the button below for a detailed review of research.
Latin Name: Pinus Sylvestris
This evergreen pine has short spikey needles and pine cones. The bark is dark greyish brown at the base, with taller branches being orange.
Extracts have been made from the bark, although other plant parts including the cones and needles have been used in remedies. More research is necessary.
Oil comes from the needles, and is colorless to pale yellow, with a strong coniferous, woody, fresh, and slightly sweet aroma.